Laparoscopy or Open Surgery

open vs laparoscopic surgery

Laparoscopy is gaining the attention of a lot of people lately, despite its increasing public awareness, there is still a remain huge population that is having its first encounter with the name of the surgery. Also, those who have heard about it have a lot of confusion regarding the surgical process.

Commonly known as the minimally invasive surgery the laparoscopy started as a simple procedure for sterilization in females, but now it has expanded its horizon. Now it is has replaced the open surgery for so many cases.

Experts advise patients to go under diagnostic laparoscopy surgery for the following conditions-

  • endometriosis
  • ectopic pregnancy
  • ovarian cysts
  • pelvic inflammatory disease
  • fibroids
  • gynecological cancers
  • anatomical reconstruction
  • sterilization

Laparoscopy Vs Open Surgery

Dr. Valeria Simone MD is one of the experienced surgeons at Southlake General Surgery and the best person to explain the advantages of the Laparoscopy over open surgery.


Laparoscopy is a safer alternative when compared to open surgery. The surgery is performed with the help of the long probe with a camera that is inserted into the abdominal cavity with the help of the small incisions. The camera provides visibility on inner organs during surgery enabling the surgeon to perform surgery with greater precision than that in open surgery.


The Laparoscopy is performed by making three small incisions about 1-2 inches long, in the open surgery the cuts are longer.

Safety of the patient

The safety of the patient is the best feature of the laparoscopy. The blood loss, pain, and trauma that a patient has to suffer after the open surgery is greatly reduced with laparoscopic surgery. Other than that, the patient suffers less time in medical care, the patient also recovers faster.

Limitation of the laparoscopic surgery

These are few contradictions that can affect diagnostic laparoscopy surgery for you-

  • Obesity,
  • Heart disease,
  • Widespread disease,
  • Large abdominal masses

Complications After Diagnostic Laparoscopy

  • Abdominal inflammation or infection
  • Problem of hernia
  • Adverse reactions to anesthesia
  • Blood clots


There are a lot of things to be considered while choosing laparoscopy over the open surgery. There are so many theories that one comes across hence it is important to consult a medical supervisor rather than blindly believing your neighbor or friend. Each individual is different with a different medical condition that needs to be checked by an experienced surgeon, after professional advice you can proceed further to choose from either available surgical options.

Laparoscopy surgery is costlier as compared to open surgery. Surgery cost is the important factor that you need to be clear on, as it can affect your decision of choosing laparoscopy.