Unusual skin growth is a kind of cyst at the lower part of the tailbone or coccyx that contains skin, hair, and pus known as a pilonidal cyst. Once this cyst is infected, medically it is known as “pilonidal abscess,”.
It resembles a large pimple that can be painful and generally occur in youngsters. Individuals who sit a lot are more likely to develop this problem.
Your doctor can treat the pilonidal cyst by draining it or take it out through a surgical procedure.
Causes of a Pilonidal Cyst
Many doctors believe that ingrown hair is the cause for a significant number of them. Pilonidal signifies “shell of hair,”. At times doctors discover hair follicles inside the cyst.
There is another study that states pilonidal cysts occur after an injury to that area of the body.
An individual may experience a problem if there is a small dimple in the skin between the rear ends. This dimple can become infected; however, doctors aren’t certain why.
There are several risk factors such as a lot of hair, obesity, persistent sitting, insufficient exercise, and too much sweating.
Symptoms of Pilonidal Cyst
The symptoms of a pilonidal cyst incorporate:
- Bad odor from the pus
- Redness, pain, and swelling at the lower part of the spine
- Discharge of pus or blood from the cyst
- Warmth to the touch
A Pilonidal cyst may vary in size, it can be a small dimple or involve a large, painful region.
When to consult a doctor?
If you encounter any of the above symptoms you consult your doctor. A pilonidal cyst is an abscess or bubble. Treatment of a pilonidal cyst may incorporate hot packs, antibiotics and skin treatment with depilatory creams. If an individual experiencing a serious condition, it should be drained, or incised, to recuperate. Like different ulcers, it doesn’t improve with antibiotics.
Diagnosis of Pilonidal Cyst
Diagnosis of a pilonidal cyst includes a physical examination, and your doctor might ask few questions about the problem. This includes:
- When was the first time you sensed the symptoms?
- Have you had this condition earlier?
- Have you experienced any fever?
- Do you take any medicines or supplements?
How to manage the Pilonidal cyst complications?
Initially, pilonidal cyst complications may lead to mild swelling, redness, and pain. A few things you should attempt:
- To facilitate any aggravation, soak in warm water. At times, the cyst may open and deplete on its own with this process.
- Always keep the cyst and location next to it clean and dry
- You may go for over-the-counter pain medicines and follow dosage instructions.
Treatments of a Pilonidal Cyst
A Pilonidal cyst doesn’t heal with antibiotics; however, your doctor will explain the treatments available to heal the cyst. This includes:
Incision and drainage of a Cyst: This is the most well-known technique for a first pilonidal cyst. In this procedure, the doctor makes an incision into the sore or cyst and drains it. They also remove hair follicles and leaves the cut open, cover the incision with gauze.
Your doctor will use local anesthesia to numb the cyst. Although, you must change the bandage as advised by the PCT until the wound heals and it could take about 3 weeks.
Marsupialization: In this method, the doctor makes a small incision and drains the cyst, eliminating pus and any hair that is inside. The doctor sutures the wound and covers the incision with a pouch. This procedure requires a highly experienced general surgeon. You can contact us to make an appointment with us.
Your doctor uses local anesthesia and this is an outpatient surgical procedure. In this procedure, recovery would take about 6 weeks.
Incision, drainage, and the closing of incisional wound: In this procedure, the cyst is completely drained, and the doctor suture the incisional site after surgery, and the patient doesn’t require gauze to close the wound.
Other surgical techniques incorporate entire cyst and cyst wall extraction alongside the pilonidal sinus tracts, fibrin glue application, and extracting just infected tissue and the cyst out with punch biopsies.
To know more about Pilonidal cysts removal surgery or consultation. Please contact our healthcare expert at +1 (817) 748-0200 and for online appointments click here.
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